Egypt Egypt

Egypt has a very arid climate, and agricultural production mostly relies on irrigation1,2). The area of agricultural land in Egypt is mainly confined to the Nile Valley and delta. Arable land (% of land area) is around 3 %3). The total population in Egypt was estimated at 96.2 million people in 2017, and employment in agriculture (% of total employment) is 25% in 2017. Wheat, maize, and rice are the major cereals (50% of maize is used for animal feeding). Their productivity is high (see below Table)4), since they are grown under irrigated, intensive systems5, 6). However, today, water scarcity is a major concern in this country and it dictates policy measures including reduction in rice area.

 

 

Area harvested (ha)

Yield (t/ha)

Production (t)

Wheat

1,368,767

6.6

9,000,000

Maize

1,082,766

7.4

8,001,411

Rice, paddy

672,582

9.4

6,300,000

 

Reference

  1. http://www.fao.org/docrep/v9978e/v9978e0e.htm
  2. http://www.fao.org/docrep/005/Y4632E/y4632e0c.htm
  3. https://tradingeconomics.com/egypt/arable-land-hectares-wb-data.html
  4. http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/
  5. Saito, K., Dieng, I., Toure, A., Somado, E.A., Wopereis, M.C.S. 2015. Rice yield growth analysis for 24 African countries over 1960–2012. Global Food Security 5, 62-69.
  6. van Oort, P.A.J., Saito, K., Tanaka, A., Amovin-Assagba, E., Van Bussel L.G.J., van Wart, J., de Groote, H., van Ittersum, M.K., Cassman, K.G., Wopereis, M.C.S. 2015. Assessment of rice self-sufficiency in eight African countries in 2025. Global Food Security 5, 39-49.

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